AskDefine | Define steenbok

Dictionary Definition

steenbok n : small plains antelope of southeastern Africa [syn: steinbok, Raphicerus campestris]

Extensive Definition

The Steenbok (Raphicerus campestris) is a common small antelope of southern and eastern Africa. It is also known as the "Steinbuck" or "Steinbok"; not to be confused with the Dutch-language "steenbok" which is an ibex.



Steenbok are typically solitary, except for when a pair come together to mate. However, it has been suggested
Breeding occurs throughout the year, although more fawns are born November to December in the southern spring–summer; some females may breed twice a year. Gestation period is about 170 days, and almost always there is a single precocious fawn. The fawn is kept hidden in vegetation for 2 weeks, but they suckle for 3 months. Females become sexually mature at 6–8 months and males at 9 months.
Steenbok are known to live for 7 years or more.


Two subspecies are recognized: R. c. campestris in Southern Africa and R. c. naumanni of East Africa. Up to 24 subspecies have been described from Southern Africa, distinguished on such features as coat colour.


steenbok in Czech: Antilopa trávní
steenbok in German: Steinböckchen
steenbok in Spanish: Raphicerus campestris
steenbok in French: Raphicerus campestris
steenbok in Italian: Raphicerus campestris
steenbok in Dutch: Steenbokantilope
steenbok in Polish: Stenbok
steenbok in Portuguese: Raphicerus campestris
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